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What is natural potassium citrate?

Answers:1   |   LastAnswerAt:2011.08  

Andrew Brown 
Asked at 2011.08.18 08:33:43

answer anne lane  Answered at 2011.08.18 08:33:43
Natural potassium citrate is a naturally occurring mineral found in many foods used as an additive to reduce acidity in other foods. It is also used medicinally to control urinary acid levels and to deter the formation of kidney stones.DescriptionPotassium citrate, also known as tripotassium citrate, is potassium salt of citric acid that is readily absorbed in the intestines and excreted in urine as potassium carbonate.Kidney StonesDr. Eric Kossoff of John Hopkins Children's Center investigated the effects of potassium citrate in more than 300 children undergoing epilepsy treatment through the use of the ketogenic diet, an unfortunate side effect of which is an increased risk for kidney stones. Kossoff found that potassium citrate significantly reduced this risk by inhibiting calcium accumulation in urine.Polycystic Kidney DiseaseResearchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine have found that potassium citrate improves renal function in rats with polycystic kidney disease, a condition associated with potassium deficiency or elevated urine acidity.OsteoporosisDr. Reto Krapf and colleagues of the University of Basel in Switzerland studied the effects of potassium citrate on bone density in 161 post-menopausal women and found that the supplement group experienced a slight increase in bone density in the hips and lower lumbar region of the spine.ConsiderationsPeople with a history of diabetes, hyperkalemia (elevated serum potassium), heart disease or an adrenal gland disorder should consult a physician before supplementing with this mineral.
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